Creation of Jathas
Baba Kapoor Singh ji was born in
1696 to Bhai Dalip Singh and took Amrit at hands of Panj Piare at
Damdama Sahib. He stayed with Jatha of Baba Deep Singh ji, taking
his Vidya from Taksal of Damdama Sahib, living life of a Bhujang
Singh, always immersed in Sewa and Simran and forever ready to lay
down his life for Khalsa Panth. In 1734, Jathedar Baba Darbara Singh
ji left for Sachkhand and upon his demise, Panth gathered at Sri
Akaal Bunga (now called Sri Akaal Takhat).Those were the peaceful
times as Panth had authority over Sri Amritsar Sahib and 30 villages
around it. Bhujangi Nawab Kapoor Singh was chosen as the Jathedar of
Khalsa Panth by the Panj Piare. During this time numbers of Singhs
living in Amritsar and around had increased considerably as there
had been no battles with Mughals from last one year. Singhs had
taken up farming in villages and Khalsa Panth was in Charhdi kala.
Baba Mani Singh ji and Baba Kapoor Singh ji decided to divide the
Bhujang Singhs(Warrior Singhs who were tyar bar tyar for Jang and
Sewa) into Five jathas and separate the Langars as it was difficult
to hold Langar at one place with limited resources. Entire Khalsa
Army numbered around 12,000, so it was decided by Mukhi Singhs to
divide Panth in Five Jathas or battalions. Five Nishan Sahib and
Five Nagare(battle drums) were brought in front of Sri Akaal Bunga.
After Ardas, Baba Kapoor Singh ji, with his authority as Jathedar of
Khalsa Panth declared the Five Jathas and handed over Nishan Sahibs
Creation of Misals
• Misal Shaheedan
• Misal Bhangi
Nishanawali Misal was the one which carried Nishan Sahibs (Battle standards) and Nagare( Battle drums) in Battlefield. These were the Singhs who were there in every battle, carrying Khalsa Nishan high and keeping morale of fighting Singhs in Charhdi kala. Singhs of this Misal were there in both the Dals.
Jathedar Nawab Kapoor Singh ji, who led Singhpuria misal was Jathedar of Buddha Dal and Jathedar Baba Bhoma Singh from Bhangi Misal was leader of Tarna Dal. Jathedar Nawab Kapoor Singh ji retained his title of Jathedar of Khalsa Panth with blessings of whole Panth.